# 2、使用

## 1）在线使用

``````##在线使用
import plotly.plotly as py
from plotly import tools
from plotly.graph_objs import *

trace0 = Scatter(
x=[1, 2, 3, 4],
y=[10, 15, 13, 17],
mode='markers'
)
trace1 = Scatter(
x=[1, 2, 3, 4],
y=[16, 5, 11, 9]
)
data = Data([trace0, trace1])

py.iplot(data)
``````

## 2）offline

``````import plotly.offline as of
import plotly.graph_objs as go

of.offline.init_notebook_mode(connected=True)
trace0 = go.Scatter(
x=[1, 2, 3, 4],
y=[10, 15, 13, 17],
mode='markers'
)
trace1 = go.Scatter(
x=[1, 2, 3, 4],
y=[16, 5, 11, 9]
)
data = go.Data([trace0, trace1])
of.plot(data)
``````

# 3、其他图

### 下面我们画几个其他类型的图

#### 柱状图

``````import plotly.figure_factory as ff
import pandas as pd

data = [Bar(x=df.School,
y=df.Gap)]

py.iplot(data)
``````

### 3D图

``````
import numpy as np

s = np.linspace(0, 2 * np.pi, 240)
t = np.linspace(0, np.pi, 240)
tGrid, sGrid = np.meshgrid(s, t)

r = 2 + np.sin(7 * sGrid + 5 * tGrid)  # r = 2 + sin(7s+5t)
x = r * np.cos(sGrid) * np.sin(tGrid)  # x = r*cos(s)*sin(t)
y = r * np.sin(sGrid) * np.sin(tGrid)  # y = r*sin(s)*sin(t)
z = r * np.cos(tGrid)                  # z = r*cos(t)

surface = Surface(x=x, y=y, z=z)
data = Data([surface])

layout = Layout(
title='Parametric Plot',
scene=Scene(
xaxis=XAxis(
gridcolor='rgb(255, 255, 255)',
zerolinecolor='rgb(255, 255, 255)',
showbackground=True,
backgroundcolor='rgb(230, 230,230)'
),
yaxis=YAxis(
gridcolor='rgb(255, 255, 255)',
zerolinecolor='rgb(255, 255, 255)',
showbackground=True,
backgroundcolor='rgb(230, 230,230)'
),
zaxis=ZAxis(
gridcolor='rgb(255, 255, 255)',
zerolinecolor='rgb(255, 255, 255)',
showbackground=True,
backgroundcolor='rgb(230, 230,230)'
)
)
)

fig = Figure(data=data, layout=layout)
py.iplot(fig,)
``````

### 折线图

``````import numpy as np

N = 100
random_x = np.linspace(0, 1, N)
random_y0 = np.random.randn(N)+5
random_y1 = np.random.randn(N)
random_y2 = np.random.randn(N)-5

# Create traces
trace0 = go.Scatter(
x = random_x,
y = random_y0,
mode = 'markers',
name = 'markers'
)
trace1 = go.Scatter(
x = random_x,
y = random_y1,
mode = 'lines+markers',
name = 'lines+markers'
)
trace2 = go.Scatter(
x = random_x,
y = random_y2,
mode = 'lines',
name = 'lines'
)

data = [trace0, trace1, trace2]
py.iplot(data)
``````

### 堆叠图

``````trace1 = go.Bar(
x=['giraffes', 'orangutans', 'monkeys'],
y=[20, 14, 23],
name='SF Zoo'
)
trace2 = go.Bar(
x=['giraffes', 'orangutans', 'monkeys'],
y=[12, 18, 29],
name='LA Zoo'
)

data = [trace1, trace2]
layout = go.Layout(
barmode='stack'
)

fig = go.Figure(data=data, layout=layout)
py.iplot(fig)
``````

### pie

``````labels = ['Oxygen','Hydrogen','Carbon_Dioxide','Nitrogen']
values = [4500,2500,1053,500]
colors = ['#FEBFB3', '#E1396C', '#96D38C', '#D0F9B1']

trace = go.Pie(labels=labels, values=values,
hoverinfo='label+percent', textinfo='value',
textfont=dict(size=20),
marker=dict(colors=colors,
line=dict(color='#000000', width=2)))

py.iplot([trace])
``````

### 不知道叫什么图

``````title = 'Main Source for News'

labels = ['Television', 'Newspaper', 'Internet', 'Radio']

colors = ['rgba(67,67,67,1)', 'rgba(115,115,115,1)', 'rgba(49,130,189, 1)', 'rgba(189,189,189,1)']

mode_size = [8, 8, 12, 8]

line_size = [2, 2, 4, 2]

x_data = [
[2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2013],
[2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2013],
[2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2013],
[2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2013],
]

y_data = [
[74, 82, 80, 74, 73, 72, 74, 70, 70, 66, 66, 69],
[45, 42, 50, 46, 36, 36, 34, 35, 32, 31, 31, 28],
[13, 14, 20, 24, 20, 24, 24, 40, 35, 41, 43, 50],
[18, 21, 18, 21, 16, 14, 13, 18, 17, 16, 19, 23],
]

traces = []

for i in range(0, 4):
traces.append(go.Scatter(
x=x_data[i],
y=y_data[i],
mode='lines',
line=dict(color=colors[i], width=line_size[i]),
connectgaps=True,
))

traces.append(go.Scatter(
x=[x_data[i][0], x_data[i][11]],
y=[y_data[i][0], y_data[i][11]],
mode='markers',
marker=dict(color=colors[i], size=mode_size[i])
))

layout = go.Layout(
xaxis=dict(
showline=True,
showgrid=False,
showticklabels=True,
linecolor='rgb(204, 204, 204)',
linewidth=2,
autotick=False,
ticks='outside',
tickcolor='rgb(204, 204, 204)',
tickwidth=2,
ticklen=5,
tickfont=dict(
family='Arial',
size=12,
color='rgb(82, 82, 82)',
),
),
yaxis=dict(
showgrid=False,
zeroline=False,
showline=False,
showticklabels=False,
),
autosize=False,
margin=dict(
autoexpand=False,
l=100,
r=20,
t=110,
),
showlegend=False,
)

annotations = []

for y_trace, label, color in zip(y_data, labels, colors):
# labeling the left_side of the plot
annotations.append(dict(xref='paper', x=0.05, y=y_trace[0],
xanchor='right', yanchor='middle',
text=label + ' {}%'.format(y_trace[0]),
font=dict(family='Arial',
size=16,
color=colors,),
showarrow=False))
# labeling the right_side of the plot
annotations.append(dict(xref='paper', x=0.95, y=y_trace[11],
xanchor='left', yanchor='middle',
text='{}%'.format(y_trace[11]),
font=dict(family='Arial',
size=16,
color=colors,),
showarrow=False))
# Title
annotations.append(dict(xref='paper', yref='paper', x=0.0, y=1.05,
xanchor='left', yanchor='bottom',
text='Main Source for News',
font=dict(family='Arial',
size=30,
color='rgb(37,37,37)'),
showarrow=False))
# Source
annotations.append(dict(xref='paper', yref='paper', x=0.5, y=-0.1,
xanchor='center', yanchor='top',
text='Source: PewResearch Center & ' +
'Storytelling with data',
font=dict(family='Arial',
size=12,
color='rgb(150,150,150)'),
showarrow=False))

layout['annotations'] = annotations

fig = go.Figure(data=traces, layout=layout)
py.iplot(fig)
``````

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